the Pipe and Tabor compendium

the Pipe and Tabor compendium

essays on the three-hole pipe

South and Central America

archeology to today


In the 18th century, it is reported, an Indian played a flute and a small drum accompanying specially trained dancers in the Corpus Christi procession in Andean Ecuador. The pipe and tabor is still played in processions.

“ The masquerade at Machachi was evidently intended to keep alive the memory of the Incas. Three Indians ...  danced to music of the rudest kind, one individual pounding on a drum and blowing on a pipe at the same time.” 1870 [source]

player +rattlepanpipes and rattle
playerannual procession playerplayers
playerplayer playerplayers
playerplayer player playerplayers
tabor pipepipe from Quito
playerstatue playerstatue end blown pipestatuette playertile picture, Quito
  player2005 photog.Stan Raucher  
playerA.D.800–1540A gold figurine of a man playing what may be a duct flute and rattle.
Veraguas culture.

Photog by Dale A.Olsen
necklacenecklace, either Costa Rica or Panama, gold Veraguas/Diquis 11th-16thc gold pendant11th-16th century, Chiriqui,
gold pendant; pipe and rattle
gold statuette11th - 16th century, gold pendant
Western Panama, Veraguas-Gran Chiriquí Style,
Also see: double pipes gallery
video, panpipes and drum

18th century pipe and tabor playing for dancing, (Spanish and Peruvian influence)


player player player
player player player
player player player
player player
Between 1782 and 1785 the Spanish Bishop of Trujillo made a trip of several years around the northwest of Peru
to discover the region of which he was in charge. When he was recalled he sent the king of Spain a series of more
than 1,400 illustrations made during that trip. These images are the “Trujillo Codex of Peru” or “Codex Martínez Compañón”. Eighteen of the images from the Trujillo codex contain the scores of 20 musical pieces.

In 1825 William Bennet Stevenson wrote of his journeys in Peru:

“Among the feasts which the indians of Huacho celebrate, that of Corpus Christi deserves to be spoken of. ....During the week the village is enlivened with different companies of dancers: one called huancos is composed of eight or ten men; ....They dance along the streets to the sound of a pipe and tabor, keeping pace to the tune, that the bells on their legs may beat time to the pipe and tabor.... The criollaos go by pairs, accompanied by a pipe and tabor.”

19th century19th century print  
playerplayers playerprocession
playerplaying for dancing playerplaying whilst building wall
playertwo players
20202020 Cutervo, Cajamarca
panpipes and drum
playerTaquile player
playerentertaining tourists playerSikuris player
Annual competition between large bands with dancers:
player player
playersCuzco archangels player
15th/16th century Aztec1470-1521 Aztec pipe  

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